The Story of ANKARA

Ankara has very old origins. It was an important place because it was the crossing point of the trade routes.

Ankara has very old origins. It was an important place because it was the crossing point of the trade routes. In about 2000 BC, the Hittites occupied the city. After the Hittites, some other nations including the Phrygians and the Macedonians (under Alexander the Great) also ruled the city.

Later, the Galatians came and made the city their capital. Some historians think the Galatians were the first to give the name ‘Ankyra’ to the city. They were sailors and Ankyra meant anchor in their language. Some other historians think the city’s name goes back to the Phrygians. The Phrygian king, Midas, found an anchor in the city; so he called it Ankyra. Later on, Ankyra became a part of the Roman Empire. In 1073, the Seljuk Turks took over the city. They renamed the city ‘Angora’. Then, several centuries later, the city fell to the Ottoman Turks.

In 1920, Ataturk founded a temporary government here. Finally, in 1923, it became Ankara, the capital of the Turkish Republic.

 

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